Problems of using coal mining waste

The coal industry is one of the leaders in terms of waste generation in industrial production. In 2017, 3.6 billion tons of wastes were generated in the coal industry, more than 99% of which belong to the 5th class of hazard. The level of coal industry waste utilization is about 50% of the generated waste. At the same time, the amount of generated waste increases annually, with a constant increase in coal production volumes. This means a constant increase in the total amount of coal industry waste in external rock dumps, sludge collectors and tailing dumps. This leads to the development of a set of environmental problems. The use of production wastes is the main way to reduce their negative impact on the environment. In article the basic problems of use of a mineral waste of the mining and processing coal industry are considered. The world and domestic experience of use of a waste of coal mining industry is analyzed. Deficiencies of the current legislation, hampering application of resource-saving and nature protection technologies are considered. According to the authors of utilization of mineral wastes of extractive and processing industries and solid fuel energy are offered. Namely — development and approval of methods of complex estimation of possibility of use of a waste, development of recommendations on use of mineral wastes of extractive, processing industry and solid fuel power engineering in a bookmark of the exhausted spaces and modification of the current legislation.

Keywords: mineral waste from the mining and processing industry, ash and slag waste, solid fuel energy, resource-saving technologies, best available technologies, legislation.
For citation:

Harionovskij A. A., Grishin V. Yu., Kolikov K. S., Udalova N. P. Problems of using coal mining waste. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(10-1):45—55. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/ 0236_1493_2021_101_0_45.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 10
Year: 2021
Page number: 45-55
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.88
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_101_0_45
Article receipt date: 30.06.2021
Date of review receipt: 22.07.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.09.2021
About authors:

Harionovskij A. A.1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Deputy General Director for Scientific Work;
Grishin V. Yu.2, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Project Director;
Kolikov K. S.3, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Department of «Mining safety and ecology», kolikovks@mail.ru;
Udalova N. P.3, head lecturer, udal71@mail.ru, Department of «Mining safety and ecology»;
1 LLC “Interbranch Scientific-Research and Design Institute of Ecology of the Fuel and Energy Complex”;
2 Federal State Budgetary Institution “REA” of the Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation;
3 NUST «MISIS», Moscow, Russia.

 

For contacts:
Bibliography:

1. Harionovskij А. A., Danilova M. Ju. Problems of waste management in the coal industry and ways to solve them. Ekologyja promyyshlennogo proyzvodstva. 2017. no.3 (99). pp. 2—7 [In Russ]

2. Rekomendacii «kruglogo stola» Komiteta Gosudarstvennoj Dumy po jenergetike na temu «Zakonodatel’noe obespechenie razvitija glubokoj pererabotki uglja i uglehimii» 26.10.2020 utverzhdeny Resheniem Komiteta Gosudarstvennoj Dumy po jenergetike no.3.25—5/165 ot 9 dekabrja 2020 goda [The recommendations of the “round table” of the State Duma Committee on Energy on the topic “Legislative support for the development of deep processing of coal and coal chemistry” on 26.10.2020 were approved by the Decision of the State Duma Committee on Energy no. 3.25-5/165 of December 9, 2020] [In Russ]

3. Pochinkov I. V., Mjaskov A. V. Analysis of existing methods of use and processing of coal mining waste. Nauchnyj vestnik moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo gornogo universiteta. 2013. no.5. pp. 76—82 [In Russ]

4. Shpirt M. Ja. Bezothodnaja tehnologija. Utilizacija othodov dobychi i pererabotki tverdyh gorjuchih iskopaemyh [Waste-free technology. Disposal of waste from the extraction and processing of solid combustible minerals]. Pod redakciej B. N. Laskorina. Moscow, Nedra, 1986. 255 p. [In Russ]

5. Shpirt M. Ja., Ruban V. A., Itkin Ju. V. Racional’noe ispol’zovanie othodov dobychi i obogashhenija uglej [Rational use of coal mining and enrichment waste]. Moscow, Nedra, 1990. 224 p. [In Russ]

6. Tokmurzin D., Adair D., Golman B., Dyussekhanov T., Suleymenov K., Aiymbetov B. Development of a circulating fluidized bed partial gasification process for co-production of metallurgical semi-coke and syngas and its integration with power plant for electricity production. International journal of coal preparation and utilization. 2019 (b/n).

7. Kononenko E. A., Mishin Ju. M. Prospects and technology of isolation of building materials from the hydraulic mixture of overburden rocks of coal mines. Markshejderija i nedropol’zovanie. 2009. 31 (39), pp. 44—47. [In Russ]

8. Tjurja Ju. I., Mashkova T. Ju., Tolkun A. D. Obzor sovremennogo sostojanija tehnologij obogashhenija othodov ugleobogashhenija [Review of the current state of coal enrichment waste enrichment technologies]. Sbornik nauchnyh trudov SWorld. 2012. no.1 t.4. pp. 23—27 [In Russ]

9. Antipenko L. A., Kirjuhin Ju. E., Gushhin A. A., Tolchjonkin Ju. A., Shhadov V. M. Sovremennaja tehnika i tehnologija obogashhenija rossijskih uglej [Modern equipment and technology of enrichment of Russian coals]. Katalog-spravochnik. Kemerovo, Kuzbasspoligrafizdat, 2008. 310 p. [In Russ]

10. Zhuravlev S. V., Belomerja N. I. O vozmozhnom ispol’zovanii tehnogennyh produktov pri proizvodstve stroitel’nyh materialov. Ohrana okruzhajushhej sredy i racional’noe ispol’zovanie prirodnyh resursov [On the possible use of technogenic products in the production of building materials. Environmental protection and rational use of natural resources]. Sbornik materialov XIII mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii aspirantov i studentov. Doneckij nacional’nyj tehnicheskij universitet (Doneck). 2019. pp. 32—34 [In Russ]

11. Udalova N. P., Gangan P. P. Sovremennye oblasti primenenija porodnyh otvalov gornodobyvajushhem predprijatii [Modern applications of rock dumps in a mining enterprise. Geoinformatics Research]. Issledovanija po geoinformatike: trudy Geofizicheskogo centra RAN. 2017. Vol.5. no.2. pp. 79 85, DOI:10.2205/2017BS045. [In Russ]

12. A.Yu. Stolboushkinɚ, A. I. Ivanova, O. A. Fominab Use of Coal-Mining and Processing Wastes in Production of Bricks and Fuel for Their Burning. International Conference on Industrial Engineering, ICIE 2016 / Procedia Engineering 150 2016. pp. 1496 1502 DOI:10.1016/j.proeng.2016.07.089.

13. Golovin G. S., Maloletnev A. S. Kompleksnaja pererabotka uglej i povyshenie jeffektivnosti ih ispol’zovanija [Complex processing of coal and efficiency of their use]. Katalogspravochnik. Moscow: NTK “Trek”, 2007. 292 p. [In Russ]

14. Encyclopedia Britannica, Coal. “Britannica” 2021. [Jelektronnyj resurs] URL: https:// www.britannica.com/science/coal-fossil-fuel/Problems-associated-with-the-use-of-coal (data obrashhenija 07.06.2021).

15. Svechnikova N. Ju., Judina S. V., Mamedalina N. I. Analysis of coal flotation enrichment waste. Teorija i tehnologija metallurgicheskogo proizvodstva. 2015. no.1(16). pp. 19—22. [In Russ]

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.