Cut-and-fill stoping using mixed backfill

Multiyear exploitation of large iron ore fields of the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly in the foreseeable future will lead to exhaustion of the resource of the open-cut geotechnology as the reserves will be depleted, or open pits will reach their ultimate limits. Therefore, it is critical to find safe and efficient technologies of underground mining, which make it possible to dispose significant portion of mining waste in the goaf. The Kursk Magnetic Anomaly covers the agricultural land, thus, special attention should be paid to preservation of the earth surface and to the environmental safety of ore mining. In most cases, mining conditions in the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly are complicated by the presence of aquifers. Based on the main geological and geotechnical conditions and factors, the most suitable mining system is cut-and-fill. This article discusses the mining system design with stoping and mixed cemented/dry fill. The technology makes it possible to place all tailings and waste rock in the goaf and to eliminate dumping and tailings storage on the ground surface.

Keywords: iron ore deposit, accessing, mining system, stope, mixed backfill, self-propelled equipment, tailings, tailings storage.
For citation:

Smirnov A. A., Baranovsky K. V., Rozhkov A. A., Solomein Yu. M. Cut-and-fill stoping using mixed backfill. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(5—1):62—76. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_51_0_62.


The study was carried out under State Contract No. 075-00581-19-00, Topic No. 0405-2019-0005.

Issue number: 5
Year: 2021
Page number: 62-76
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.272
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_51_0_62
Article receipt date: 13.01.2021
Date of review receipt: 07.04.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.04.2021
About authors:

Smirnov A. A.1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), senior research worker of the laboratory of underground geotechnology, е-mail:;
Baranovskiy K. V.1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), senior research worker of the laboratory of underground geotechnology;
Rozhkov A. A.1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), senior research worker of the laboratory of underground geotechnology;
Solomein Yu. M.1, research worker of the laboratory of underground geotechnology;
1 The Institute of Mining of the Ural branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (IM UB RAS), Ekaterinburg, Russia.


For contacts:

1. Trubeckoj K. N., Kaplunov D. R., Tomaev V. K., Pomel’nikov I. I. Resourcegenerating, ecologically balanced geotechnologies for the integrated development of deposits in the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly. Gornyj zhurnal. 2014, no. 8, pp. 45—49. [In Russ]

2. ZHitinskaya O. M., Yarg L. A. Changes in the components of the natural environment during long-term opencast mining (on the example of KMA). Gornyj zhurnal. Geologiya i razvedka. 2018, no. 1, pp. 49—61. [In Russ]

3. Adushkin V. V., Anisimov V. N.  On  the  ways  of  implementing  geodynamic and geoecological safety in the KMA region. Ohrana truda i tekhnika bezopasnosti na promyshlennyh predpriyatiyah. 2018, no. 4, pp. 52—62. [In Russ]

4. Galchenko Yu. P., Yakusheva E. D. Monitoring and assessment of the state of human habitat in the mining region of the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory. 2017, no. 7, pp. 16—22. [In Russ]

5. Golik V. I., Poluhin O. N. Use of the mineral resource base of KMA in the context of greening society. Problemy regional’noj ekologii. 2013, no. 4, pp. 45—49. [In Russ]

6. Pimentel B. S., Gonzalez E. S., Barbosa G. N. O. Decision-support models for sustainable mining networks: fundamentals and challenges. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2016. Vol. 112. pp. 2145—2157.

7. Matani A. G., Doifode S. K. Effective industrial waste utilization technologies towards cleaner environment. International Journal of Chemical and Physical Sciences. 2015. Vol. 4. no 1. pp. 536—540.

8. Sitorous F., Cilliers J. J., Brito-Parada P. R. Multi-criteria decision making for the choice problem in mining and mineral processing: Applications and trends. Expert Systems with Applications, 2019. Vol. 121. pp. 393—417.

9. Rosa J. C. S., Sanchez L. E. Advances and challenges of incorporating ecosystem services into impact assessment. Journal of Environmental Management, 2016. Vol. 180. pp. 485—492.

10. Smirnov A. A., Nikitin I. V. On the organization of environmentally friendly production in the development of large iron ore deposits by underground method. Ekologicheskaya i tekhnosfernaya bezopasnost’ gornopromyshlennyh regionov. Trudy VIII Mezhdunarodnoj konferencii. Ekaterinburg. 2020, pp. 280—285. [In Russ]

11. Lejzerovich S. G. Pilot tests of underground storage of ferruginous quartzite dressing wastes. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2010, no. 2, pp. 214—222. [In Russ]

12. Kaplunov D. R., Radchenko D. N., Fedotenko V. S., Lavenkov V. S. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the transition of an underground mine to a new technological structure with increasing depth of mining. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020, no. 12, pp. 5—15. [In Russ]

13. Lejzerovich S. G., Pomel’nikov I. A., Sidorchuk V.V, Tomaev V. K. Resursovospr oizvodyashchaya bezothodnaya geotekhnologiya kompleksnogo osvoeniya mestorozhdenij Kurskoj magnitnoj anomalii [Resource-based waste-free geotechnology for the integrated development of deposits in the Kursk Magnetic Anomaly]. Moscow, Gornaya kniga, 2012, 547 p. [In Russ]

14. Babayanc G. M., Vertlejb L. K., ZHurin N. Ya. Podzemnaya razrabotka zhelezistyh kvarcitov [Underground mining of ferruginous quartzites]. Moscow, Nedra, 1988. 168 p. [In Russ]

15. Kaplunov D. R., Lejzerovich S. G., Tomaev V. K., Sidorchuk V. V. On the further development of mining in the KMA basin. Gornyj zhurnal. 2011, no. 10, pp. 44—49. [In Russ]

16. Sokolov I. V., Gobov N. V., Smirnov A. A., Medvedev A. N. Integrated ecologically oriented underground geotechnology for mining and processing of iron ores. Ekologiya i promyshlennost’ Rossii. 2013, no. 9, pp. 16—20. [In Russ]

17. Sokolov I. V., Gobov N. V., Antipin Yu. G., Smirnov A. A., Nikitin I. V., Solomein Yu. M. Systematization and methodology for assessing options for a strategy for the development of iron ore deposits using underground processing complexes. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2015, no. 7, pp. 101—108. [In Russ]

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.