Geodynamic hazard assessment of a structural block holding an underground radioactive waste disposal facility

The stability assessment procedure of the geological medium is discussed as a casestudy of geoecological safety of high-level radioactive waste (HLRW) disposal in the Lower Kan Granite–Gneiss Massif, Krasnoyarsk Krai. For the formalized stability assessment, the notion of the dynamic index activity measure is introduced based on the expert estimates of the behavior of geological and geophysical parameters in the neighborhood of the uniform regional mesh points. Based on the values of the geodynamic safety measure, the structural tectonic blocks are ranked into relatively unstable (conditionally hazardous) and stable (conditionally safe). For the procedure to be implemented, the developed algorithms for the spatial layers of geological and geophysical information are reflective of the modern tectonic evolution of the earth crust. The algorithms are tested in terms of the Yenisei site of the Lower Kan Massif where construction of Russia’s first deep HLRW disposal facility is in progress. The geodynamic safety measure calculation using a digital average-resolution terrain model SRTM-4 and the maps of active tectonic faults is illustrated. The structural tectonic block intended for the construction occurs in the relatively stable zone. The testing proved the value of the proposed procedure, and the procedure deserves development and improvement.

Keywords: stability, geodynamic safety, geoecology, geological medium, structural tectonic block, high-level radioactive waste.
For citation:

Gvishiani A. D., Agayan S. M., Losev I. V., Tatarinov V. N. Geodynamic hazard assessment of a structural block holding an underground radioactive waste disposal facility. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(12):5-18. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_12_0_5.

Acknowledgements:

The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, Grant No. 18-17-00241: Rock Mass Stability Assessment Based on the Systemic Analysis of Geodynamic Processes for the Geoecologically Safe Underground Disposal of Radioactive Waste.

Issue number: 12
Year: 2021
Page number: 5-18
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 621.039.7:504.5
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_12_0_5
Article receipt date: 03.09.2021
Date of review receipt: 07.10.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.11.2021
About authors:

A.D. Gvishiani1,2, Dr. Sci. (Phys. Mathem.), Аcademician of Russian Academy of Sciences, Chief Scientist of Geophysical Center RAS, Head of Department of Mathematical Geophysics and Geoinformatics, Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth RAS, e-mail: adg@wdcb.ru,
S.M. Agayan1, Dr. Sci. (Phys. Mathem.), Chief Researcher, e-mail: adg@wdcb.ru,
I.V. Losev1, Junior Researcher, National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: i.losev@gcras.ru,
V.N. Tatarinov1,2, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Head of Laboratory, e-mail: victat@wdcb.ru,
1 Geophysical Center, Russian Academy of Sciences, 119296, Moscow, Russia,
2 Schmidt Institute of Physics of the Earth, Russian Academy of Sciences, 123242, Moscow, Russia.

 

For contacts:

V.N. Tatarinov, e-mail: victat@wdcb.ru.

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