Mining informational and analytical bulletin. №12/2015

TITUL PAGES
INFORMATION
СONTENT
СONTENT-2015
SUBSCRIPTION-2016


MINING WORLD




P. 350
CHRONICLE OF HISTORICAL EVENTS MMA – MMI – MSMU – MISAA IN PHOTOS






UNDERGROUND MINING


P. 5

Ageenko V.A., Baklashov I.V.
DEVELOPMENT OF THEORY AND MODELING OF PROCESSES OF ARCHING IN THE VICINITY OF A TUNNEL
Geomechanics solves many practical problems. But there are two main, we can say classical tasks of geomechanics is the problem of the stability of mine workings and the problem of earth surface strike shift with the development of mining operations. The first problem appeared from the beginning of mining, the second much later, when education developed space has led to a significant displacement of the overlying rock masses. Development of technology of urban underground construction over the past 50 years aimed at minimizing displacement of the overlapped arrays. However, the task of destruction of soil in the mine working arch or the task of svoeobraznyi remains unresolved to date. The paper presents a formula for determining the load on the tunnel lining.
Key words:
geomechanics, physical and technical basis, model, production, finishing, the calculated circuit voltage offset load.

P. 8

Aynbinder I.I., Ovcharenko O.V., Patskevich P.G.
JUSTIFICATION OF GEOTECHNOLOGY PARAMETERS FOR IRON ORE MINING AT YAKOVLEVSKOE DEPOSIT
The basic ways of intensifying the iron ore mining and resource creation in the development of geotechnology Yakovlevskogo deposit due uvelieniya treatment workings parameters and the order of their recesses, as well as reducing the consumption of expensive cement, while ensuring the sustainability of mining structures in different mining conditions develop. A possible variant of mining technology and recommended settings mountain structures to ensure the safety of mining operations in the application of a downward layered, excavation of ore at the mine Yakovlevskiy.
Key words:
system design, great depths, work safety, strata excavation, backfilling, dredging descending order of layers, geomechanical assessment, stress-strain state (SSS).

P. 16

Lizunkin M.V., Tyupin V.N., Lizunkin V.M.
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CRUSHING AREA RADIUS OF FRACTURED STRAINED MASSIF DESTRUCTION DURING EXPLOSION OF TWO PARALLEL CONTIGUOUS CHARGES OF BLASTING COMPOUNDS
Analysis of technical literature has shown that during explosion of parallel-contiguous charges of blasting compounds mathematical formulas for determination radius of destruction of fractured massif that defines the most important parameter − the line of the least resistance are absent.
On the basis of energy theory of deformation and destruction of fractured rock massif by explosion we solved a classic problem of interaction of deformation waves from two charges of blasting compounds exploded simultaneously. According to this theory destructive waves of voltage lose the main part of energy on the nearest to charges natural flaws and the destruction of outlying joints occurs as a result of deformation and fracture by the action of detonation products. In other words, the wave of charge deformation, that is posed as successive displacements of joints followed by inelastic deformation of array on the natural joint’s edges together with its elastic strains and deformation, spreads in the massif.
Practice has shown that classical solution during determining the line of the least resistance underesti-mates this value. Another theoretical problem is solved taking into account effect of massif elastic response, as a result of its pressure between two blasting holes. Accounting for the elastic reaction effect makes it possible to increase the line of least resistance at the same results of explosion. We gave the numeral values of massif’s crushing area radius with different variants of the calculation, which prove the need to consider the effect of elastic massif reaction.
Key words:
parallel-contiguous charges of blasting compounds, radius of crushing area, fractured strained massif, effect of elastic massif reaction, line of the least resistance, theoretical formulas, accuracy of formulas.

P. 23
Lyashenko V.I., Kislyy B.P., Alekhin A.I.
EFFECTIVIZATION OF NON-PRODUCTIVE OPERATIONS IN UNDERGROUND MINES
The article reports basic theoretical and practical results obtained in the area of effectivization of non-productive operations in a mine based on intensifying technological processes using new-generation high-productive mining machinery: mining hoisting system UPGL-M, mine lift LMSH-1, machines MVN-1DMSH and MVN-2DSH, shuttle car TSH-1M, boring system, rope clearing and dressing machine CHK-M, pressurizer NPSH-1 developed by experts in mining and by researchers from top scientific centers, which may be of interest to specialists in mining, nonferrous and other industries.
Key words:
underground mining, occupational safety, equipment, drivage and stoping, operation ef-ficiency.

P. 31
Petrov A.N.
ANALYSIS DATA ON INTRODUCTION OF ROOM-AND-PILLAR WITH BACKFILLING IN AIKHAL MINE
Permissible spans of outcrop of rock and ore arrays were define. Value of zones of fracturing in the filling massive was calculated at the adjoining ore breaking of the array, which has made from 1.2 to 2.0 m. We brought out of the value necessary non-drill of boreholes on porosity of the ore in the array. The magnitude non-drill at an average porosity is 6%, when applying the safety PVV ammonite AP-5ZHV at a diameter of 75 mm boreholes stands at 0.31 m. The PVV Grammonite 79/21 the non-drill boreholes received 0.5 m. Basis series of experience explosions of the waster-fill method chamber system development. On the basis a series of experienced explosions installed rational parameters drilling and blasting developed a draft work organization. Specific consumption of explosives was 1.11 kg/t, the specific consumption of drilling – 0,195 lm/m, ore the output from 1 p.m. boreholes – 5.1 t/lm.
Key words:
chamber system development; waste-fill method; spans of out-crop; zones of fracturing; non-drill of boreholes; experienced explosions; options DBW.

P. 39
Potapchuk M.I., Tereshkin A.A., Rasskazov M.I.
ASSESSMENT OF GEOMECHANICAL CONDITION OF ROCK MASSIF IN THE PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT OF DIFFICULT-STRUCTURED ORE BODIES BY THE SUBLEVEL DRIFTS SYSTEM WITH THE CONTROLLED ROOF CAVING
The peculiarities of distribution of normal and tangential stresses inside elements of development system on different stages of mining for Harkovskaya ore deposit were revealed. Potentially burst-hazard sections were specified in the process of second working. The research results make possible the scientific substantiation of the methods of massif burst-hazard decrease and the ways of protection and support of mine workings over deposit development in difficult mining-geological conditions and deep mining.
Key words:
burst-hazard, ore deposit, finite element method, mode of deformation, technogenic stress field, rock pressure management measures.

P. 46
Tyupin V.N., Lizunkin M.V., Lizunkin V.M.
DETERMINATION OF BREAKING ZONE OF STRAINED FRACTURED ARRAY DURING SIMULTANEOUS EXPLOSION OF SEVERAL PARALLEL CONTIGUOUS CHARGES OF BLASTING COMPOUNDS
During extraction of low powered ore bodies ( power to 3,0 m.) using cross options of mining method, selective breakage of flat deposits and ore preparation for underground leaching, we use breaking method of parallel contiguous charges of blasting compounds more often. At explosion of several contiguous holes the most important parameter is a radius of controlled crushing zone of fractured array transversely to line, which connects the charges of blasting compounds. This article considers an action of 3 and more parallel contiguous charges of blasting compounds on the basis of energy theory of explosive attack on strained fractured rock array. Theoretical formula for calculating radius of zone of controlled crushing during simultaneous blasting of series of charges transversely to flats was formed, the line of the least resistance was determined as well. We conducted a series of technical experimental explosions at sublevel breaking of low powered ores with assessment of coarseness of grading by photo planimetric method in conditions of underground uranium mine № 1 PJSC PIMCU. Comparison of experimental researching results and theoretical calculations (on the basis of parameters of drilling and blasting works and a middle size of a piece) points on their favorable similarity.
Key words:
low powered ore bodies, parallel contiguous charges of blasting compounds, zone of con-trolled crushing, theoretical formulas, coarseness of grading, the accuracy of formulas.

P. 52
Cherdantsev N.V.
ГЕОМЕХАНИЧЕСКОЕ СОСТОЯНИЕ МАССИВА ГОРНЫХ ПОРОД ВОКРУГ ВЫРАБОТКИ И ГЕОЛОГИЧЕСКОГО НАРУШЕНИЯ
In the basis of the developed models of geomechanical state massif, contain of mine working iand geological violation, are two methods – the method of fictitious loads and displacement discontinuity method. The method of fictitious loads describes the boundary conditions on the contour generation, and the displacement discontinuity method formulates the conditions on the banks of the violation. Geological violation is a narrow gap with a filler of resilient material with desired characteristics of stiffness in compression and shear. Within the model the conducted research of the stress state of rock mass around mine working and crevices, in particular, the diagrams of the normal stresses in the roof of the mine working and the soil cracks. The results of these studies show that with certain distances between them in the array experience significant tensile stresses. These stresses in the roof of a drift, and in soil cracks are acting in the horizontal direction. The sizes of the zones of discontinuity in the array that occur around a single mine working, differ slightly from the sizes of similar zones formed in an array around an excavation and cracks. The maximum difference of values of the coefficient of dislocation for these cases is about 7 percent.
Key words:
the massif of rocks, weakening surfaces, mine working, strength anisotropy, geological disturbance, the zone of discontinuity.



OPEN-CAST


P. 59

Sekisov G.V., Cheban A.Yu., Iksanov V.A.
THE MAIN DIRECTIONS OF THE UNIVERSALIZATION OF QUARRY EQUIPMENT
The article gives the main directions of the universalization of surface mining equipment, procedures, means and methods of improving mining and transport equipment in accordance with the requirements of modern production. The ways of early development of the domestic mining and transport engineering with innovative solutions and the use of technoparks are analyzed.
Key words:
mining equipment, innovation, universalization, technoparks.



ENRICHMENT OF MINERALS


P. 65
Golik V.I., Komashchenko V.I.
OPTIMUM CRITERION OF UTILIZATION OF TAILINGS OF ORE WITH A VIEW TO APPLYING THEM IN MANUFACTURE OF SOLID MIXTURES
The article is devoted to the substantiation of the possibility and disposal conditions of the ore beneficiation tailings of the metal-containing mineral raw materials, the storage of which is globally dangerous. Mining technology optimality criterion is justified as its humanity guarantor being the condition for the preservation of the Earth’s surface during deposits development. The grounds for the geomechanical balance control of the mountain mass preserving the Earth’s surface by way of dividing it into safe areas according to their stress rate are indicated. Brand new process of the substance activation by large mechanical energy has been characterized. The essence of essentially new activation of substance is characterized by big mechanical energy. The practical use of technology for the first time in the world practice has been described. Experimental evidence is given on the mechanical-chemical technology of using the tailings of the nonferrous and ferrous metals and coals of Russian deposits. The model of defining the economic and ecological efficiency of the technology is suggested. The technology is recommended for the enterprises of KMA of Russia in conversion to the underground ore mining.
Key words:
deposit development, mineral raw materials, metals, ore beneficiation tailings, the Earth’s surface, geomechanics, tension, activation, mechanical energy, mechanics and chemistry, ecology, underground ore mining.

P. 73
Ovchinnikov N.P., Vikulov M.A.
ANALYSIS OF OPERATION OF SLURRY PUMPS COMPANY METSO» IN CONDITIONS HYDROTRANSPORT OF SEPARATION’S PRODUCTS (FOR EXAMPLE CONCENTRATING FACTORY № 16)
This article focuses on the experience of the operation of the pumping equipment used at the concentrating factory № 16 and to the establishment of the causes of the decline of its efficiency at the plant.
Key words:
pump, sludge, wear, repair, malfunctions, service life.

P. 76
Tazhibaev K.T., Sultanalieva R.M.
POWER SAVING UP WAY OF CRUSHING OF STRONG ORES
The way of an optimum loss of strength and crushing of the strong ores is experimentally proved, allowing to provide economy of energy at crushing, decrease of the charge of metal at the expense of decrease of deterioration of metal parts of crumbers, increase in an exit of a useful component (taken metal) by application of optimum duration of affecting on ore of the microwave oven of waves. Difference of a way consists that before crushing subject ore to affecting of the microwave oven by electromagnetic waves with different duration. Irradiated with the microwave oven waves each small group and small group in not irradiated condition separately comminute in an impact tension machine by means of a free-fall cargo and define specific power consumption of crushing of ore for each duration of the microwave oven of affecting and an initial state. From the schedule «specific power consumption of crushing – duration of a time of affecting of the microwave oven of waves» define optimum value of duration of affecting of the microwave oven the waves, matching to the minimum value specific power consumption of crushing of the given ore. Behind that on the installed optimum duration of bombarding radiation of the microwave oven waves affect ore and a mineral of the given type and a size of the pieces which are subject to crushing, after bombarding radiation of the microwave oven by waves ore or mineral crushing spend in percussion crumbers.
Key words:
ore, mineral, crushing, microwave oven the wave, residual stress, thermopressure, power consumption, dehardening.



MINING CARS, THE EQUIPMENT AND TRANSPORT


P. 83

Bochkaryov Y.S., Dovidenko G.P.
ABOUT USE OF SCRAPER ON ALLUVIAL DEPOSITS
This article focuses on review of mining technology on alluvial deposits and development of scrapers, and its effect on development mining technology. Considered reasons forsake use of scrapers on extractive processes.
Key words:
technology, the scraper, the bulldozer, open pit mining, defrost, the loosening, the warehousing, the reduction.

P. 86
Kozhukhov L.F.
REGULATORY FRAMEWORK FOR MINING EQUIPMENT QUALITY AND SAFETY CONTROL IN DESIGN AND CONFORMANCE EVALUATION
This work presents the results of investigation of the structures formed by flocculation of fine coal preparation products suspensions. Consideration of flocculation structures formation was carried out on the base of the extended DLVO theory with taking into account the amount of polymer macromolecules on one particle of known diameter. It was shown that the particles of the solid phase with diameter more than 1 μm are flocculated by ortokinetic way for a few seconds and submicron particles are flocculated on perikinetic way for 400–600 seconds. On the base of the theory of fluids flow in capillary-porous media it has been developed and experimentally validated a model describing the kinetics of flocs mechanical syneresis. It was shown the possibility of reducing of the water content of coal froth flotation concentrate cake by mechanical syneresis and, accordingly, cost decrease of concentrate thermal drying. Theoretical analysis of flocculation structures strength for maximum shear strain state, allowed to calculate the maximum shear yield stress depending on the diameter of the particles and the flocculant dosage. Rheological study on coal froth flotation concentrate showed that the nature of these suspensions without flocculants are close to Newtonian plastically fluids, and using flocculants are pseudoplastic properties. Experimentally obtained values of shear yield stress for coal froth flotation concentrate not contrary with theoretically calculated one. Also the approach for evaluating the effectiveness of suspensions flocculation conditioning based on experimental determination of filtration and structural-mechanical properties of filter cakes was proposed. The obtained results allow to predict the performance and speed of the belts. To perform the necessary calculations in this work was the interrelation between hydrostatic pressure and drainage time was established.
Key words:
flocculation, suspension, floc structure formation, mechanical syneresis of flocs, floc structure breakup, water content, shear yield stress.

P. 101
Khoreshok A.A., Pudov E.Yu.
DEFINITION OF PERFORMANCE INDICATORS NEW DESIGNS EXCAVATOR BUCKETS
We consider the relevance of the research survey, design and subsequent manufacture buckets of hydraulic excavators based on existing promising constructive proposals and patented innovations.
Key words:
hydraulic excavator, bucket, repair, production, recovery, reliability.

P. 108
Kuznetsov Yu.N., Stadnik D.A., Stadnik N.M., Kakorina N.M., Chizhov V.N.
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF DEVELOPMENT AND PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATION AN ALGORITHM FOR AUTOMATED PREDICTION OF GEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS FOR COAL DEPOSITS
This article presents the basic principles of computer-aided prediction ofgeologicalconditions for coal deposits. Developed and discussed in detail the algorithm for automated prediction of different geological conditions. It is concluded that the application of the Green’s spline function allows you to make the qualitative prediction of mining-geological data, and also provides an example of the algorithm on a real coal mine.
Key words:
coal deposit, designing of coal mines, three-dimensional models, the mining of the coal re-serves, mining and geological conditions, interpolation, spline functions, the Green’s formula.

P. 115

Skorokhodov V.F., Biryukov V.V., Nikitin R.M., Yakushkin V.P.
MODIFICATION OF MINERAL PARTICLE’S PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IN SEPARATION PROCESSES
Modification of mineral particle’s physical properties in separation processes is a way to increase their efficiency. Aggregation and coagulation of fine-disperse particles result in decreasing their hydrodynamic resistance coefficient, and increase thus extent of their contrast in gravity and magnetic concentration processes. The CFD model of radial thickener has been designed with using population balance equations in ANSYS software for describing coagulation processes. Computational experiments in a virtual laboratory bench have revealed dependence of suspension coagulation velocity on its viscosity and possibility to decrease reagents consumption through changing viscosity of suspension thickened. The experiments gave also shown that particles aggregation allows increasing their precipitation velocity up to 2 cm/sec.
Key words:
modification of particles’ physical properties in separation processes, coagulation and aggregation, population balance model, particles precipitation in radial thickener, computational hydrodynamics, computational experiment.

P. 123

Oleynik T.А., Mulyavko V.I., Lyashenko V.I., Kirichenko A.M., Oleynik M.O.
NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND TECHNICAL MEANS FOR COLLECTING MAGNETIC DUST SELECTIVE MINERAL PROCESSING
The main scientific and practical results of new technologies and means to selectively capture dust magnetic mineral processing. A new device with a cylindrical magnet systems arranged horizontally towards the dust-gas stream, and found that a particle size of 50 microns, with magnetic susceptibili ty = 0,27, flow rate was 10,14 m/s. It is found that at an air flow 0,414-0,427 m/s, the best results are obtained by enrichment dust-free product. This gives a concentrate with Fe content 63,1–63,8% at an output of 23,3–30,3% and tails with a mass fraction of iron 18,1–21,6% at an output of 41,4–47,8%. The separator magnetic systems with ten mass fraction of iron in concentrate decreased to 61% at an output up to 55%, mass fraction of iron in the tailings decreased to 19,5%, and the yield – up to 31%. Removing the iron was in the first case and 64%, and in the second – 70%. Separation based indicators, which have a maximum air flow in the range 0,414–0,427 m3/s. Thus obtained concentrate with a mass fraction of iron 62–65% at the outlet 43–47% and tails with Fe content of 16–19% with a yield of 33–35%. Given the results of laboratory research devices capture and separation of magnetic dust. The results of determining the conditions of the regeneration of the magnetic poles on the basis of laboratory research and calculate the degree of magnetic cyclone dust collection apparatus.
Key words:
new technologies, technical means, dust collection, mineral, efficiency.

P. 134

Shcadov I.M., Konukhov V.Yu., Chemezov A.V., Beliaevskaia T.S.
PROPOSAL FOR IMPLEMENTATION ON THE CONCEPT OF ENTERPRISE MAINTENANCE AND REPAIRS OF MINING AND TRANSPORTATION MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT
In article the concept of transition of performance of work by the contractor from a control system of activities for repairs and service of mining-transport equipment according to demands of the customer to system of ensuring operability of equipment with the set reliability level is described. Creation of new system service of equipment for performance of the production program by the customer by means of technical management – coefficient of technical readiness.
The scheme of mutual settlement when the revenues of the repair organization are formed from finding of each piece of equipment in good repair a certain amount of time for the reporting period is considered.
In work the algorithm of transition to new model of service of equipment providing a certain sequence of actions, including development and the conclusion of a new form of the contract for rendering repair services between the contractor and the customer, development and deployment of new system of the compensation stimulating productive work of the repair personnel is offered.
Application of the Concept will allow to move to repair shop to a new level of professional and high-quality development of rendering services in maintenance and repair of mining-transport equipment of the operating organization with the set level of reliability and to implementation of the obligations.
Key words:
technical availability factor, mining equipment, an hour of technical feasibility, after-sales service, payment scheme, new system service of equipment.



BUILDING OF UNDERGROUND CONSTRUCTIONS AND MINES


P. 144

Kulickov Yu.N., Kulickova E.Yu.
THE DETERMINATION OF THE LEVEL OF STRENGTH AND WATER RESISTANCE SECONDARY CONCRETE LINING
The article estimates the reduction of physico-mechanical characteristics of the concrete lining of un-derground structures, on which exert significant influence not only the technological parameters of concrete mixture, but the way they are laid in the early construction. It is established, that at calculation of strength and water resistance secondary concrete lining of tunnels one should take into account the parameters of concrete strength and water resistance class adjusted by indices of weakest part of the lining – roof part.
Key words:
durability, water resistance, durability, laying concrete mixture, secondary concrete lining, seismoacoustics examination.



AEROLOGY, METHANE, SAFETY


P. 151
Zaitsev A.V., Semin M.A., Klyukin Yu.A.
IMPROVEMENT OF MICROCLIMATE CONDITIONS RATIONING CRITERIA IN MINE AIRWAYS
The article presents microclimate indices for the purpose of high temperature conditions control in mine
airways taking into account Russian and world experience. The results of the comparative analysis of indices characterizing the microclimate conditions in underground work areas are shown. Selection of the optimal indices is performed. Selected index allows estimation of upper bound of admissible microclimate conditions in underground work areas and takes into account the following microclimate parameters: dry bulb temperature, velocity and relative humidity of mine air.
Key words:
deep mines, mine airways, thermal conditions, heat transfer, mathematical modeling, sources of heat, air conditioning, microclimatic parameters.

P. 157

Kazakov B.P., Shalimov A.V., Grishin E.L.
DEVELOPMENT OF AIR FLOW AND HEAT DISTRIBUTION MODELS FOR EMERGENCY MINE VENTILATION MODES
This paper is about development and improvement of mine ventilation violations forecasting method based on complex mathematical simulation of unsteady air flow and heat distribution, enabling detailed planning of mine emergencies prevention and control measures. We provide an overview of developed mathematical models, describe the scope of their applicability and analyze the results obtained in the process of application to emergency aerodynamic and thermal processes description. The novelty of obtained result during the research work is noted. Programming software for the numerical modeling of the processes occurring in the mines in regular and emergency ventilation modes is presented.
Key words:
air distribution, control and management systems, heat and mass transfer, aerodynamic and thermal processes, thermal drop, natural draft, ventilation sustainability, mine airways junction, reversal mode, recirculation, emergency response plan.

P. 164
Levin L.Yu., Semin M.A., Gazizullin R.R.
NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF AIR DISTRIBUTION VARIATION IN MINE VENTILATION NETWORKS IN CASE OF MAIN FAN REVERSAL
In this paper we develop a new method of air flow distribution calculation in mine ventilation networks with taking into consideration local aerodynamic resistance, natural ventilation, thermal drop and unsteady heat exchange between mine air and rock mass. Proposed method allows air flow distribution determination in arbitrary mine ventilation networks for different main fan ventilations modes, including main fan reversal mode. Using this method, we accomplished the calculation of air distribution in normal and reversal main fan modes for the Mine-2 of OJSC Uralkali. The results of numerical simulation were compared with results of experimental measurements of air flows and pressures in the Mine-2, obtained during the planned reversal of the main fan.
Key words:
reversal of mechanical ventilation, local aerodynamic resistance, main fan, steady-state air distribution, natural ventilation, heat exchange.

P. 171
Pozdeev I.A., Pozdeeva I.M., Vasil’ev P.V., Butko A.A.
ANALYSIS OF DEFORMATION OF ROCK MASS AND FORMATION OF GAS COLLECTOR IN MINED-OUT VOID OF COAL BED UNDER MINING
The author has analyzed and revealed shortcomings of current standards available for substantiation of ventilation and degassing parameters for coal mines. In terms of Esaulskaya Mine, it has been proved that it is necessary to correct calculation procedure for degassing hole drilling above rock cavity in an extraction area. The urgent scientific and practical problems are validated for gassy coal mines and their alternative solution using the finite element method is proposed.
Key words:
methane release, regulatory documents, methane yield, empirical and correction coefficients, stress–strains state, rock mass condition, interaction between geomechanical and geodynamic processes, gas collector, numerical modeling, rock deformation.



ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT


P. 180
Galiev Zh.K., Galieva N.V., Mosunova K.O.
ECONOMICAL AND THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF MARKETING AT THE MINING ENTERPRISES
In article single economical and theoretical questions of marketing at the mining enterprises are considered.
It is noted that at full realization of criteria of marketing requirements as seller, and the buyer have to be met. Requirements of the seller and the buyer of production have to be provided on the basis of efficiency of business which main condition expresses equality of the discounted cost of future net income of the buyer (the enterprise uses cars and the equipment for production of concrete production) and investments, expenses, expenses of the seller (manufacturer of cars and the equipment).
Effective development of market structure is carried out in the direction of dokhodooriyentirovanny economy. Dokhodooriyentirovanny economy – economy with release and realization of competitive production, that is the economy focused on continuous introduction of innovative solutions by production of production delivered on the market. The Dokhodooriyentirovanny economy defines a tendency in approach to market structure of the perfect competition. To Dokhodoorintirovanny economy use of high-performance cars and the equipment, a high salary of workers, increase in volumes of release and delivery to the market of the realized production is characteristic. The aspiration to decrease in prime cost of unit of products due to increase in production is peculiar to Dokhodoorintirovanny economy.
Marketing activity is especially important in the conditions of low competitive economy. Low competitive economy – the economy which is on production and delivery to the market of production in insignificant volumes and the limited range. Such economy has to seek for achievement of level of dokhodooriyentirovanny economy. In low competitive economy the enterprises of market structure of the imperfect competition (monopoly, a duopoly, a monopsony, an oligopoly) function. To low competitive economy use of low-productive cars and the equipment, a low wage of workers, use of cheap materials is characteristic. The aspiration to economy of expenses and expenses without attraction of new technology, new high-performance equipment due to decrease in outputs is peculiar to low competitive economy. For low competitive economy existence of growth of prime cost of a unit of production is characteristic. Functioning of the enterprises of low competitive economy demands performance of strict ratios in change of rates of the main technical and economic indicators of production economic activity: prime costs of a unit of production, labor productivity and volume of production; costs of production and profit.
Key words:
economical and theoretical aspects, marketing, mining enterprises, market of the seller, market of the buyer, innovation, dokhodooriyentirovanny economy, low competitive economy, technical and economic indicators, production economic activity.

P. 187
Galieva N.V., Bagautdinov V.Sh., Korochkin G.V., Parshin N.O.
DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS FOR NONMETAL CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS INDUSTRY
This article is devoted to branch of nonmetallic construction materials of the Russian Federation. Production of nonmetallic construction materials during the period from 2007 to 2013 are considered. Growth of volumes of capital and road construction in Russia promotes dynamic development of the market of nonmetallic materials. Rates of its growth correspond to growth of a common market of construction and make about 10–15% a year.
The main problem of the enterprises working in given branch is defined: because of the low level of profitability of sales and assets before the enterprise there is a complex challenge of definition of strategy of updating of the equipment. Two options of updating of fleet of vehicles by means of the credit of bank and leasing are compared. Calculation is allowed to be defined that the option of acquisition of the equipment in leasing is more effective.
Key words:
non-metallic building materials, hardware upgrade, Bank loan, leasing.

P. 194
Kosterenko V.N., Timchenko A.N., Vorob’eva O.V.
ANALYSIS OF CAUSES OF ACCIDENTS TO IMPROVE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY CONTROL EFFICIENCY IN MINES
The author presents dynamics of rates of accidents and injuries in coal mining industry for the period from 1996 to 2014. The basic causes of the emergencies—organizational and technical—are considered and their ratio is given. Distribution of injuries per work places is described. The main mistakes of personnel and management are revealed. Distribution of organizational causes for the considered period is presented. It has been found that the main cause is lack of in-process control over adherence to industrial safety requirements from the side of executives of a plant. The author gives recommendations on improvement of occupational safety control efficiency in mines.
Key words:
industrial safety, rate of accidents, rate of injuries, coal mine, personnel mistakes, causes of accidents and injuries, occupational safety control, in-process control.

P. 200

Mardenov M.P.
RESOURCES AND PROSPECTS OF COAL PRODUCTION IN REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN
With the help of the mathematical apparatus analyzes the characteristics of prospects for coal production in the Republic of Kazakhstan. To predict coal mining has used the principles of extrapolation of quantitative indicators in a 14-year periodic interval. Predicted values obtained can be used in monitoring of natural resources, and to assess the coal production in the Republic of Kazakhstan for the near future.
Key words:
Kazakhstan, coal production, natural resources, equation.

P. 203

Nikitenko S.M., Goosen E.V.
INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES ON THE BASIS OF PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
The article outlines forms of interaction between regional government and business in implementation of public-private partnership (PPP) in field of socio-economic development of territories. It is shown that negotiated agreements on social and economic cooperation are not "purely" PPP projects.
Factors affecting development of cooperation: lack of methodologically and theoretically elaborated economic vision and strategy for integrated development of mineral resources (IDMR); export commitment to "ready", borrowed technology development of PPP projects; lack of methodology and methods for evaluation of regions' readiness to use PPP projects in the field of IDMR; lack of methodology and methods for selection of potential PPP projects in IDMR field and evaluation of economic and social effects of their implementation; unworked federal and regional legislation governing partnership between business and government in general, and particularly in IDMR field. There are conclusions on «usefulness» of such projects for regions development in integrated development of mineral resources. Development methodology and theoretical concept of interdisciplinary research of mineral resources complex development in the Russian Federation with use of methodology and techniques of reasonable specialization (Smart Specialization) are proposed; creation of methods to predict development of advanced production technology in Russia on basis of developed set of science-metric characteristics, as well as methodology and techniques of assessment of territories readiness to implement PPP- projects in the IDMR sphere in Russian regions.
Key words:
public-private partnership, social and economic cooperation, quasi-PPP projects, integrated development of mineral resources, reasonable specialization, clusters.

P. 209
Novoselov S.V.
FORMATION EVALUATION CRITERION SYSTEM OF FUNCTIONING OF REGIONAL FUEL AND ENERGY COMPLEX
The article deals with theoretical bases of formation evaluation criterion system functioning regional energy. Shows the direction of formation evaluation system based on methods of economic-mathematical modeling and solution of optimization tasks, systems with limited resources. Shows the scheme of forming system of evaluation criteria for the strategic development of regional fuel and energy complex «entry-exit». Represented in the additive and multiplicative form of definition of criteria for evaluating the functioning of the regional system. The directions of application of system criterion of an assessment in strategic management of regional energy industries are shown.
Key words:
system, system criterion of an assessment, principle «entrance–exit», economic-mathematical modeling, optimizing tasks.

P. 213
Khudyakova E.V.
PROBLEMS OF FORMATION AND FUNCTIONING OF ORGANIZATIONAL-ECONOMIC MECHANISM FOR CRISIS PREVENTION IN SMALL AND MEDIUM-SIZED INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES IN RUSSIA IN MODERN CONDITIONS
The article deals with actual problems of formation of organizational and economic mechanism for crisis prevention in small and medium-sized industrial enterprises in Russia in terms of foreign economic sanctions, the methodological foundations of this activity, the ways to improve its efficiency in modern conditions.
Key words:
economic mechanism, organizational and economic mechanism of the crisis, sustainable economic development, industry, small and medium-sized industrial enterprises, sanctions.



TECHNOLOGY


P. 221
Snitsar M.A., Samedov A.M.
ON CALCULATION OF FOUNDATIONS ON SWELLING SOIL WHEN MOISTENED WITH HOT WATER
The problem of calculating the foundations of buildings on the swelling clay soils when wet with hot water. The values of contact pressure upon swelling PH(x) under the sole base facilities for moistening water T = 20°C and T = 40°C...80°C. It is proposed to adopt diagrams swelling force when moistened in the form of a square parabola dome swelling and add to the load of its own weight structures as the equivalent load of contact pressures PH(x).
The calculation of the foundation of the underground facilities identified the need to consider the reaction pressure of the swelling soil foundation for the construction of moisture during hot water.
Key words:
swelling clays, the contact pressure under the sole power of the swelling, «swelling hills», the equivalent load factor bed, sealing pressure.



MEASURING, CONTROL, DIAGNOSTICS


P. 226

Dadiev M.N.
INTEGRATED GEOMECHANICAL MONITORING IN URANIUM MINES IN TRANSBAIKALIA
In focus is the problem of control and prediction of movement and rockburst hazard in uranium mines in Transbaikalia. Experience of Priargunsky Mining and Chemical Works in the area of integrated rockburst hazard monitoring in underground mining in Streltsovsky ore field featured with complex geomechanical situation and high rate of injuries on deep levels is described.
The article presents automated rock pressure control system ARPC, including network of underground geophones and digital transducers for continuous recording of dynamics of mechanical processes.
For continuous seismo-acoustic monitoring and regional rockburst hazard forecasting, the author describes automated wide-range rock pressure control system AWRRPC—PROGNOZS developed at the Institute of Mining of the Far East Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The geomechanical monitoring system enables detecting increased stress zones in rock mass and higher energy micro-displacements of rock blocks in the course of stoping and allows visualizing such migrating sources and places of seismo-acoustic activity.
The author describes systems meant for remote monitoring of deformation in tunnels, mines and subways as well as for preset-time data collection and storage in non-volatile memory of SMD-KM unit of the system with option of data transmission and live browsing on a PC. The system supports round-the-clock operation in the mode of low energy consumption. This method allows real-time detection of inelastic strain zones in mine workings and control over hazardous plastic strain zones at Antei deposit.
For safety of mining and reduced risk of production suspension, work areas at Antei deposit are equipped with DIAMEC-232 core drilling rig for non-productive drilling and rock stress state assessment using core disking method.
The application of the rock pressure control system with the option of data transmission and live browsing on a PC allows advanced forecasting of rockburst hazard and finding of areas in rocks that need destressing and occupational safety enforcement.
Key words:
uranium deposit, rock mass, stoping, mine workings, rock pressure, forecast, rockbursts, geomechanical monitoring system.

P. 234

Kamshilin A.N., Kaznacheev P.A.
ACTIVE GEOELECTRICAL AND SEISMOELECTRICAL MONITORING OF STATE OF THE GEOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT
Principles of active geoelectrical and seismoelectrical monitoring are considered in the article. Question of measurement technique optimization by geoelectrical monitoring are considered. The results of experimental investigations of method on laboratorial facility, constructed for research of formation and evolution of underground caverns, are presented. For seismoelectrical monitoring, the results of laboratorial investigation of transformation of seismic energy in electrical energy in rocks are presented. Both forced oscillation mode and self-oscillation mode are considered. Self-oscillation mode appears by formation of positive feedback in system «acoustic transducer – rock sample – measurement electrodes». For example, the results of experiment as very small dose of fluid (sweet water) influences parameters of seismoelectrical transformation are gave. The results of experiments with other fluids are reviewed. Resume about ability of application of geoelectrical and seismoelectrical monitoring for geological environment control by anthropogenic impact are made.
Key words:
geophysical monitoring, active geoelectrical monitoring, active seismoelectrical monitoring, equipotential technique, sink, laboratory simulation, self-oscillation, fluids.

P. 243

Nevedrova N.N., Sanchaa A.M., Shalaginov A.E., Ponomarev P.V., Rohina M.G.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ACTIVE FAULT STRUCTURES ACCORDING GEOELECTRICS CONTROLLED SOURCE
Methods geoelectrics controlled source (transient electromagnetic sounding, vertical electrical sounding, electrical resistivity tomography) are used for monitoring the electrical parameters of the geological massif, under the influence of natural and anthropogenic geodynamic processes. The main goal of such work is the prediction of natural hazards, landslides, rock bursts, suffoziozno-subsidence processes in the mining, quarrying, located in seismic areas, or exposed to strong anthropogenic influences. The fault fractured zone, available in sediments and geological foundation of the array may be seismogenerating, so the definition of their activities is an important task.
For data analysis, electromagnetic monitoring of the electrical parameters considered two – electrical resistivity and coefficient of electrical anisotropy. Estimates of variations of these parameters and their comparison with the intensity of the elements of fault tectonics makes it possible to assess the degree of fault activity revealed violations. Using the two parameters increases the information content of the study.
Key words:
non-stationary electromagnetic sounding, vertical electric sounding, electrical resistivity to-mography, electromagnetic monitoring, variations of the electrical resistance, the coefficient of electrical anisotropy, activity of fault disorders.

P. 260

Chernih E.N., Shubin G.V., Zarovnyaev B.N.
ABOUT USE OF SCRAPER ON ALLUVIAL DEPOSITS
To evaluate the effect of vibration effects on various types of mining transport equipment to an array of benches and berms pit walls «Lucky» for two seasons, a complex in-situ measurements using digital engineering seismic station «Baikal-1» and «Baikal-12».
Key words:
An array of pit walls, engineering seismic station «Baikal-1» and «Baikal-12» vibration expo-sure, mining equipment, velocity, vibration displacement, vibration acceleration, the usual duration of the earthquake.



AUTOMATION AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS


P. 268

Valuev A.M.
UNIFIED APPROACH TO MODELLING AND CONTROL OF TECHNOLOGICAL TRANSPORT
Possibilities of different approaches to transportation systems modelling are analyzed. The main topic of the paper is the problem of general representation of technological transport motion within a spatially distributed industrial and/or logistic object. The general model of such transportation process is developed in the form of a hybrid system (an event-switched process), i.e., a system with qualitative and quantative dynamics which state changes on switching hypersurfaces. The model is a set of relationships of the following types:
1) ordinary differential equations representing continuous dynamics of active elements while the qualitative state does not change; 2) condition of switching, i.e., qualitative changes of the process in question; 3) formulas of state transformations due to switching events; 4) constraints on controls, pertaining both to stages between switching events and to switching events. Elements of the general model are exemplified with representation of dynamics and control choice for transportation units and loaded or unloaded stores (concentrators).
Different ways of description and choice of controls are presented, namely as given control laws that may express different algorithms of operative dispatch, interactive control choice and solution of local optimum control problems. Possibilities of the model use for current prognosis and operative control as well as organisation of simulation aimed at substantiation of both control system and th
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